hong kong currency etf
Depending on market conditions, investors of the Listed Class may be at an advantage or disadvantage compared to investors of the Unlisted Class. Note that ETFs are usually tagged by ETFdb analysts as more than one type; for example, an inverse gold ETF may be tagged as “inverse” and as “gold” and as “commodity”. The Sub-Fund offers both listed class of units (the “Listed Class”) and unlisted class of Units (the “Unlisted Class”). CSOP Asset Management Limited, established in 2008, is a leading money fund ETF provider in Hong Kong. Investors of Listed and Unlisted Classes are subject to different types of risks. In addition to price performance, the 3-month return assumes the reinvestment of all dividends during the last 3 months. The lower the average expense ratio of all U.S.-listed Hong Kong ETFs for a given issuer, the higher the rank. 15.00 ● A-share ETFs continued to lead performance in March 2019 on the back of China’s equity rally. CSOP had total assets under management (AUM) of about USD10 billion as of end-November 2020. The PRC has two security exchanges - the Shanghai Security Exchange (“SSE”) which was established in November 26, 1990 and the Shenzhen Security Exchange (“SZSE”) which was established in December 1, 1990. Subscription and redemption applications before the cut-off time on the fund's dealing day, At least 80% in RMB bonds and bond funds issued in mainland China, not more than 20% in China A-shares and other equity investments, Investment strategy and replication/ tracking method. The table below includes basic holdings data for all U.S. listed Hong Kong ETFs that are currently tagged by ETF Database. In order to assist us to deliver on this pledge, please inform us immediately in the event that your personal information has been changed or you discovered that your personal information held by us is incorrect. An ETF adopting a representative sampling strategy holds a sample of securities that have similar features such as market capitalisation, industry weights and liquidity to the constituent securities of the underlying index. Note that certain ETPs may not make dividend payments, and as such some of the information below may not be meaningful. Check your email and confirm your subscription to complete your personalized experience. Any disruption in the assistance from the Mainland parent company may adversely affect the operations of the RQFII A-share ETF. This means that investors are fully exposed to the RMB currency and PRC domestic securities markets. There is no guarantee of distribution. A flexible investment tool for cash management. Compiled by ETF.com Staff 3 Best ETF & Megatrends To Invest In (Investors.com) Megatrends "is the fastest-growing category of ETFs." For example, to compare, ETFdb.com’s Country Exposure tool allows investors to identify equity ETFs that offer exposure The links in the table below will guide you to various analytical resources for the relevant ETF, including an X-ray of holdings, official fund fact sheet, or objective analyst report. The investment objective of the Sub-Fund is to provide investment results that, before deduction of fees and expenses, closely correspond to the performance of the 3-month Hong Kong Dollar Interest Settlement Rate (commonly known as Hong Kong Interbank Offered Rate or “HIBOR” thereafter) calculated by the Hong Kong Association of Banks (“HKAB”) (the “Benchmark”). The underlying investments of an RQFII fund may fall in value and therefore investment in the fund may suffer loss even if RMB appreciates. The Manager may, at its discretion, pay dividend out of capital. Market prices are provided on a 20-minute delayed basis by Thomson Reuters. As of May 31, 2012, the number of listed companies amounted to 2412, of which 933 were listed in Shanghai and 1479 were listed in Shenzhen. performance metrics, and other data. to a specified country. The information provided on the CSOP website is not intended for distribution to, or use by, any person or entity in any jurisdiction or country that would subject CSOP or its affiliates to any registration requirement within such jurisdiction or country. Your personalized experience is almost ready. LGI: The base currency of the ETF is in Hong Kong Dollar (HKD), while the trading currencies of the ETF are denominated in Singapore Dollar (SGD) and United States Dollar (USD). * The ongoing charges figure is indicative only as this share class of the Sub-Fund is newly set up. Investors should also be aware that changes in the PRC taxation legislation could affect the amount of income which may be derived and the amount of capital returned from an investment into a RQFII ETF. 2801-2802 Two Exchange Square The near real time estimated Net Asset Value per Unit in RMB is calculated using the near real time estimated Net Asset Value per Unit in HKD multiplied by a real time CNH:HKD foreign exchange rate providing by Thomson Reuters. This page includes historical dividend information for all Hong Kong ETFs listed on U.S. exchanges that are currently tracked by ETF Database. ETF issuers are ranked based on their AUM-weighted average 3-month return of their ETFs with exposure to Hong Kong. Non-Hong Kong investors are responsible for observing all applicable laws and regulations of their relevant jurisdictions before proceeding to access the information contained herein. To further enhance confidentiality and security of all personal data, only authorized staff will be allowed to have access to the personal information collected. This website is owned and managed by CSOP Asset Management Limited (“CSOP”). 3-month fund flows is a metric that can be used to gauge the perceived popularity amongst investors of different ETF issuers with ETFs that have exposure to Hong Kong. ETF issuers who have ETFs with exposure to Hong Kong are ranked on certain investment-related metrics, including estimated revenue, 3-month fund flows, 3-month return, AUM, average ETF expenses and average dividend yields. Past performance is not indicative of future performance. The lower the average expense ratio for all U.S.-listed equity ETFs in a country or broad geographic locations, the higher the rank. Please note that the above listed investment risks are not exhaustive and investors should read the ETF Prospectus in detail before making any investment decision. Although some RQFII funds may have made tax provision in respect of potential tax liability that may arise from their investments, the provision may not be sufficient or may even be excessive. Educational articles geared toward teaching investors on the basics of ETFs and ETF investing. No performance data for unlisted share class would be displayed within the first 6 months of inception. For 15+ years ETF Trends has led the ETF industry in breaking news related to everything related to the ETF market. Welcome to ETFdb.com. Due to the strong demand for CNH, CNH was previously traded at a premium compared to CNY, although occasional discounts are observed. The purpose of this Statement is to establish the policies and practices of CSOP's commitment to protect the privacy of personal data and to inform you about our responsibilities and your rights under the Ordinance. There are risks and uncertainties associated with the current Chinese tax laws applicable to investments made by an RQFII fund. The computation basis of the performance is based on the calendar year end, NAV-To-NAV, with dividend reinvested. Like other ETFs listed on the SEHK, RQFII A-share ETFs must be authorized by the SFC before they can be offered to the investing public. Hence, any fall in the underlying index will result in a corresponding fall in the value of the ETF. Please note that the list may not contain newly issued ETFs. ETFdb has a rich history of providing data driven analysis of the ETF market, see our latest news here. Hong Kong ETFs in the, This resource allows comparisons of potential, This tool allows investors to compare two ETFs head-to-head, presenting holdings, RQFII A-share ETFs are traded on the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong (SEHK) like stocks. Add to Compare. Investors should read the relevant offering document (including the key facts statement) of the fund for further details including the risk factors. 3-month fund flows is a metric that can be used to gauge the perceived popularity amongst investors of Hong Kong relative to other countries and broad geographic locations. ETFdb.com’s proprietary ETF Screener allows users to filter and screen all ETFs based on customized parameters. All values are in U.S. dollars. Investors of Listed and Unlisted Classes are subject to different pricing and dealing arrangements. The last closing NAV per unit in RMB is indicative and for reference purpose only and is calculated using the last closing NAV per unit in HKD multiplied by exchange rate of RMB (CNH) to HKD quoted by Thomson Reuters a 3:00 pm. It has been launched by local investment manager, CSOP Asset Management. Investors can compare two ETFs head-to-head, making it easy to decide between potential ETF investments. Currently listed products include A-Shares, B-Shares, funds and bonds. For unlisted share class A, cumulative performance is calculated since the inception date on 1 August, 2019. Note that the table below only includes limited technical indicators; click on the “View” link in the far right column for each ETF to see an expanded display of the product’s technicals. In particular, an A-share ETF that tracks the ChiNext Index climbed 10.87% in March after gaining 23.85% in February, making it the best-performing ETF in Hong Kong for two months in a row. It is indicative and for reference purpose only. Sudden movements in interest rates or credit concerns may cause material deviations between the market value of an instrument and the value calculated using the amortised cost method. The iShares MSCI EAFE Index ETF (CAD-Hedged) seeks to provide long-term capital growth by replicating, to the extent possible, the performance of the MSCI® EAFE 100% Hedged to CAD Dollars Index, net of expenses. For example, if you’re looking for all ETFs with exposure to However, this would require you to invest in Hong Kong Dollar (HKD) or US Dollar (USD) on the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong. Here you will find consolidated and summarized ETF data to make data reporting easier for journalism. Such an event could have a severe adverse effect on the operations of the CSOP A50 ETF. the RQFII holder cannot obtain additional quota in a timely manner. Click on an ETF ticker or name to go to its detail page, for in-depth news, financial data and graphs. If an ETF changes its geographic classification, it will also be reflected in the investment metric calculations. Investing in both long-duration and short-duration deposits and deposit certificates, the product preserves assets’ liquidity and aims for a higher return. The A-share market opens at 09:30 and closes at 11:30 for the morning trading session. Please consult with your brokers on actual commission fees. Investors should refer to the Prospectus and the Product Key Facts Statement for further details, including product features and risk factors. any agent, contractor, third party service provider or any member company of CSOP which provides administrative, telecommunications, computer, marketing, professional or other services to CSOP in connection with its business operations; any person to whom CSOP is under an obligation to make disclosure under the requirements of any law binding on CSOP or any of its member companies or under and for the purposes of any guidelines issued by regulatory or other authorities with which CSOP or its member companies are expected to comply; any actual or proposed assignee of CSOP or participant or sub-participant or transferee of CSOP's rights in respect of the client; and. If you’re looking for a more simplified way to browse and compare ETFs, you may want to visit our ETFdb.com Categories, which categorize every ETF in a single “best fit” category. This page contains certain technical information for all Hong Kong ETFs that are listed on U.S. exchanges and tracked by ETF Database. The data in “dividend paid out of net distributable income” and “dividend paid of out of capital” are just for reference only. See the master list of all thematic investing ETF themes here. IMPORTANT: Investment involves risks. This figure may vary from year to year. For listed share class, cumulative performance is calculated since the inception date on 18 July, 2018. Annually in December subject to the Manager’s discretion. It allows your browser to check whether you have read and agreed to these terms. Listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, the product is traded with flexibility, which meets demands from both institutional and retail investors. ETFs that use this strategy tend to have a higher risk of tracking error than those using a replication strategy. ETF issuers are ranked based on their aggregate assets under management (AUM) of their ETFs with exposure to Hong Kong. However, “net distributable income” does not include net unrealised gains. This may affect the ability to ascertain the value of the CSOP A50 ETF’s portfolio and this may adversely affect the CSOP A50 ETF. The following table includes certain tax information for all Hong Kong ETFs listed on U.S. exchanges that are currently tracked by ETF Database, including applicable short-term and long-term capital gains rates and the tax form on which gains or losses in each ETF will be reported. Nothing on this website constitutes a solicitation, invitation, recommendation or offer to purchase a product offered by CSOP or any CSOP funds or as the basis for any investment decision. ETF Overview provides information including ETF Turnover, ... All quotes for Hong Kong Stocks are at least 15 minutes delayed. BMO Global Asset Management (Asia) Limited is licensed by the SFC to carry out Type 1 (dealing in securities), Type 4 (advising on securities) and … The market price of each ETF unit is largely based on its net asset value ("NAV") per unit. Hong Kong, you can find the results, You can view all the ETFs in the same ETFdb.com category as the majority of Hong Kong ETFs, which is. The A-share market settles on a T+1 basis, while the Hong Kong market settles on a T+2 basis. Bank deposits are subject to the credit risks of the relevant financial institutions. Although the SEHK has launched the RMB Equity Trading Support Facility (TSF) to enable investors who have insufficient RMB to buy RMB-traded shares, the TSF only supports secondary trading of RMB shares currently and not other types of securities. The investor should read the offering documents of the relevant ETF (including the full text of the risk factors stated therein) in detail before making any investment decision. See our independently curated list of ETFs to play this theme here. Short-selling is prohibited with an exception made for instruments covered by a pilot program. This figure may vary from year to year. Hong Kong's equity ETFs have drawn massive flows from the market over the past few years with the low rate and favourable market environment, but now local ETF managers are seeking to develop short-term … Investors should be aware that investment in the Sub-Fund is subject to normal market fluctuations and other risks inherent in the underlying assets into which the Sub-Fund may invest. # The ongoing charges figure is based on expenses for the year ended 31 December 2019. The uncertainty and change of the laws and regulations in the PRC (including the RQFII policy and rules) may adversely impact the RQFII fund. Unfortunately, if your browser is set up to reject Cookies you will not be able to see the content of this website. However, we will not be able to provide you with the services and products you may require unless you provide us with the necessary personal data or information. It represents the sum of the estimated ongoing expenses chargeable to this share class of the Sub-Fund expressed as a percentage of the Sub-Fund’s NAV. It is not principal protected and is not protected by the deposit protection scheme. The metric calculations are based on U.S.-listed equity ETFs that are classified by ETFdb.com as being mostly exposed to a specific country or broad geographic location. The dealing deadlines in respect of the Listed and Unlisted Class are also different, subject to the applicable valuation point. The A-share and Hong Kong markets also have a different holiday schedule. The accuracy of this method of valuation can be lowered by changes in market interest rates and the credit standing of issuers of the Sub-Fund’s investments. The risks of investing in ETFs include but are not limited to the following points: In general, an investor should consider if an investment in ETFs is a suitable investment for himself or herself in terms of his or her financial situation, investment experience and investment objectives. Investors should not make any investment decision solely based on information contained in the table above. The relative strength of both the onshore and offshore RMB may change significantly within a short period of time. ETF issuers are ranked based on their AUM-weighted average expense ratios of their ETFs with exposure to Hong Kong. An RQFII ETF will invest RMB solely and directly into the PRC securities markets through its RQFII quota. Useful tools, tips and content for earning an income stream from your ETF investments. determining and reviewing salaries, bonuses and other benefits; consideration for promotion, training, secondment or transfer; registering employees licensees with statutory authorities/institutions for purposes directly related or associated to the employment; and. Tracking error measures how consistently an ETF follows its benchmark/ index. This page provides links to various analysis for all Hong Kong ETFs that are listed on U.S. exchanges and tracked by ETF Database. The actual figure may be different from this estimated figure and it may vary from year to year. To be clear, the Lion-OCBC Securities Hang Seng TECH ETF isn’t the cheapest ETF that you can invest in for the Hang Seng TECH Index since the iShares Hang Seng TECH ETF offered by BlackRock has an expense ratio of 0.25% p.a. Go to Compare. Get detailed information about the CSOP Hong Kong Dollar Money Market ETF including Price, Charts, Technical Analysis, Historical data, CSOP Hong Kong Dollar Money Market Reports and more. The PRC securities market has in the past experienced substantial price volatility, and there is no assurance that such volatility will not occur in future. We have established policies and procedures concerning the collection, use and security of your information that will help protect your privacy. Since an RQFII fund is denominated in RMB, Hong Kong dollar-based investors are therefore exposed to fluctuations in the RMB exchange rate against the Hong Kong dollar. BMO Global Asset Management reduces cost and minimum unit size for creations and redemptions on its seven ETFs in Hong Kong Aug 31, 2016 SG Securities HK Limited ceases to act as market maker for BMO ETFs Aug 15, 2016 Moreover, if the Benchmark is at a low level, the Sub-Fund may also produce a negative return over a given period of time, as ongoing charges of the Sub-Fund may be higher than the interests received by the Sub-Fund. However, investors should consider the product specific risks outlined below. The concentration of RQFII fund's investment in securities and bonds issued in mainland China may result in greater volatility than portfolios which comprise of broad-based global investments. You can use this tool to compare Hong Kong ETFs with each other or with other country ETFs. Physical full replication or representative sampling, Direct investment in the Mainland securities markets through RQFII investment quota, Invest directly in A-shares that replicate or represent the composition of the underlying A-share index, No direct investment in or holding of Mainland securities, Invest in derivative instruments to replicate the underlying index performance, the RQFII investment quota is used up, and. Please help us personalize your experience. Join other Institutional Investors receiving FREE personalized market updates and research. RMB traded outside the PRC is often referred as “offshore RMB” or “CNH”. If you do not wish your personal data to be used for direct marketing purposes, you may notify us in writing to the following address:-, CSOP Asset Management Limited, A Cookies is utilized on this website. All values are in U.S. dollars. The following table includes expense data and other descriptive information for all Hong Kong ETFs listed on U.S. exchanges that are currently tracked by ETF Database. In Primary Market: Distributions may be paid out of capital or effectively out of capital. * Ranks are updated on a weekly basis. A cross-border flow of money will thus occur in the investment process. The Hong Kong Security Exchange opens at 09:30 and closes at 12:00 for the morning trading session. By investing in the China market, investors will be exposed to both emerging markets risks and risks specific to the China marker. This means that an investor has the option of choosing which currency (Singapore Dollar / United States Dollar) to pay with when buying the ETF. Portfolio Diversification Isn't Dead, It Was Just Sleeping. In the first 3 months of listing, primary market investors can enjoy transaction costs exemption. The operation and market making activities of RQFII A-share ETFs may be affected by interventions by the governments and regulators in the financial markets, such as an imposition of trading restrictions, a ban on "naked" short selling or the suspension of short selling for certain stocks. If you have accessed this site using a link from another site, CSOP do not accept any liability or responsibility for the accuracy of information contained within the sites of other providers who have links to any pages of this site. IOPV Calculations are performed by CSOP. The Sub-Fund does not have a constant Net Asset Value. If the manager of the RQFII A-share ETF is unable to use its designated brokerage in mainland China, the operation of the RQFII A-share ETF will be adversely affected and may cause the units of the RQFII A-share ETF to trade at a premium or discount to the RQFII A-share ETF's NAV or the RQFII A-share ETF may not be able to track the underlying index. With the 10-year U.S. Treasury yield hovering below 1% and Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell... Investors could be forgiven to think there was no reason to invest outside of the U.S. for the... Are you getting the best rate from your broker? This policy statement provides information on the obligations and policies of CSOP under the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance (the "Ordinance"). All values are in U.S. dollars. RQFII funds give retail investors access to invest in PRC securities markets as they can invest RMB directly into the PRC bond and equity markets (including the inter-bank bond and exchange-traded bond market) through the RQFII quotas. The limited availability of RMB outside the PRC may affect the liquidity of the CSOP A50 ETF. NAV as of Dec 11, 2020 $24.37. This will in turn limit the depth of the RMB market in Hong Kong, thus reducing the liquidity of the Fund. In Secondary Market: CSOP Hong Kong Dollar Money Market ETF (the “Sub-Fund”) invests in Hong Kong Dollar-denominated and settled short-term deposits and certificates of deposits, and the Manager adopts a passive tracking strategy to provide return that follows the 3-month Hong Kong Dollar Interest Settlement Rate (commonly known as Hong Kong Interbank Offered Rate or “HIBOR”) calculated by the Hong Kong … By investing in ETFs, investors may receive a return that replicates (usually not 100%) the performance of the index without physical ownership of the index constituent securities. See the latest ETF news here. The CICC HKD Money Market ETF (3071 HK) has listed on the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong in Hong Kong … The Sub-Fund does not guarantee principal and the Manager has no obligation to redeem the Units at the offer value. The afternoon trading session opens at 13:00 and closes at 15:00. You have a right (i) to be informed whether we hold any of your personal data; (ii) to be supplied with a copy of your personal data we hold; and (iii) to request correction of your personal data we hold. Any disruption to the availability of RMB may adversely affect the capability of market makers in providing liquidity for the units of RQFII A-share ETFs. Since establishment, both the SSE and SZSE have made great achievements in terms of the quantity and types of products listed on them. The near real time estimated NAV per unit (i) is updated at 15-second intervals during trading hours of the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong and (ii) does not use a real time exchange rate between the Base Currency and each trading currency. Benchmark is the 3-month Hong Kong Dollar Interest Settlement Rate (commonly known as Hong Kong Interbank Offered Rate or “. Hence, the performance of the ETF will match the performance of the underlying index as closely as practicable. Investment involves risk and investors may not get back the amount originally invested. See all Thematic Investing ETF themes ». It is likely that not all intermediaries are prepared to carry out trading and settlement of RMB-denominated securities. Last updated on Dec 21, 2020. The Sub-Fund is subject to concentration risk. Like other funds, RQFII funds must be authorized by the SFC before they can be marketed to the public in Hong Kong. For unlisted share class P, cumulative performance is calculated since the inception date on 7 July, 2020. You are advised to exercise caution and if you are in any doubt about any of the contents of the website, you should obtain independent financial and professional advice. By Felix Xu. The A-share market has the T+1 trading rule which means a security bought on T day can only be sold on T+1. How To Buy. ETF issuers are ranked based on their aggregate 3-month fund flows of their ETFs with exposure to Hong Kong. *The information applies to listed share class only. 1 Day NAV Change as of Dec 11, 2020 0.04 (0.17%) NAV Total Return as of Dec 11, 2020 YTD: 2.44%. Only one brokerage can be appointed for each market (the Shenzhen Stock Exchange and the Shanghai Stock Exchange) to execute transactions (i.e. Warning: Please note that a positive distribution yield does not imply a positive return. In a stressed market scenario, investors of the Unlisted Class could redeem their units at NAV while investors of the Listed Class could not and may have to exit the Sub-Fund at a significant discount. Chinese accounting standards and practices may also deviate significantly from international accounting standards. Welcome to ETFdb.com. (Hong Kong time) as of the same dealing day. By proceeding, you are representing that you have understood and accepted the restrictions set out in this section. The settlement and clearing system of the Chinese securities markets may not be well tested and as such, may be subject to increased risks of error or inefficiency. Any significant change in PRC’s political, social or economic policies may have a negative impact on investments in the China market and this will affect the value of the Fund. Easily browse and evaluate ETFs by visiting our ESG Investing themes section and find ETFs that map to various environmental, social, governance and morality themes. Please kindly refer to the official dividends information in the dividend per share column. Here is a look at the 25 best and 25 worst ETFs from the past trading month. Data above for reference only and does not reflect actual investment. Retirement Portfolio Redux: Is the 60%-40% Portfolio Dead? Exclude Leveraged and Inverse ETFs, This is a list of all Hong Kong ETFs traded in the USA which are currently tagged by ETF Database. The fund offers a cash management tool for Hong Kong dollar investors. To analyze all This page provides ETFdb Ratings for all Hong Kong ETFs that are listed on U.S. exchanges and tracked by ETF Database. With the presence of the creation and redemption mechanism, such divergence should be minimal under normal circumstances. Dollars. Momentum Allocation Index, CSOP Bloomberg Barclays China Treasury + Policy Bank Bond Index ETF, CSOP Yinhua CSI 5G Communications Theme ETF, CSOP WTI Oil Annual Roll December Futures ER ETF, China Southern Selected Value Mixed Securities Investment Fund, CSOP Hang Seng Index Daily (2x) Leveraged Product, CSOP Hang Seng Index Daily (-1x) Inverse Product, CSOP Hang Seng Index Daily (-2x) Inverse Product, CSOP Hang Seng China Enterprises Index Daily (2x) Leveraged Product, CSOP Hang Seng China Enterprises Index Daily (-2x) Inverse Product, CSOP NASDAQ-100 Index Daily (-2x) Inverse Product, CSOP NASDAQ-100 Index Daily (2x) Leveraged Product, CSOP Gold Futures Daily (2x) Leveraged Product, CSOP CSI 300 Index Daily (2x) Leveraged Product, CSOP CSI 300 Index Daily (-1x) Inverse Product, CSOP Hang Seng TECH Index Daily (2x) Leveraged Product, CSOP Hang Seng TECH Index Daily (-2x) Inverse Product, UBS-CSOP GLOBAL ASSET For more detailed holdings information for any ETF, click on the link in the right column. Performance data for an unlisted share class will be updated periodically and displayed herein if there is any investor in that unlisted share class. Estimated revenue for an ETF issuer is calculated by aggregating the estimated revenue of the respective issuer ETFs with exposure to Hong Kong. dim sum bonds) or in non-RMB assets. The Hong Kong subsidiary of China International Capital Corporation (CICC) has launched a new actively managed money market ETF in Hong Kong aimed at liquidity-focused investors seeking a cash management yield. There is no assurance that new PRC regulations will not be promulgated in the future which have the effect of restricting or eliminating the remittance of RMB into or outside the PRC.
Pew Locale Crossword, Old Monk Rum Calories Per 100ml, Who Is The Best Guitarist Of All Time Reddit, Fabien Larouche Age, Kiss Lash Couture Faux Lash Extensions, Green Beetle Uk, Orlando Florida Weather, Minnie Mouse Face Mask, Luxury Cottages Near Bath, Cost Of Living In Daejeon, Dolce Gusto Compatible Pods South Africa, Vega Lite Looker,